In the early 1970s, Ivor Nöel Hume excavated the kitchen yard at Carter’s Grove Plantation in James City County, Virginia, and found two ale bottle fragments with the applied names “G: Burwell” and “Edwd: Atthaws” along with the date “1755.” An intact example was discovered during the MESDA Field Research program. Edward Athawes was Carter Burwell’s London agent. It seems likely that Athawes ordered a supply of ale bottles from a London-area potter on Burwell’s behalf to celebrate the completion of his new house, Carters Grove, in 1755. Found archeologically in the kitchen yard, in a 1770s context, the bottles were probably refilled with domestic brews and reused until they broke.
Read the original article about the discovery of this bottle in The Journal of Early Southern Decorative Arts (November 1975)