Collections › MESDA Object Database › WARDROBE

WARDROBE

Category
FURNITURE
Object Name
WARDROBE
Place Made
attributed to Charleston, South Carolina
Date
1785-1790
Materials
mahogany __primary ||mahogany veneer __primary ||white pine __secondary __linen drawer frames and bottoms ||cypress __secondary __drawer back, side, bottom __Bradford L. Rauschenberg
Dimensions
[Overall Ht]82 1/2″ __[Overall Wdth]50 3/8″ __[Overall Depth]24 1/4″
Description
wardrobe or press: cornice with Ionic dentil molding, cove molding above frieze, upper case with two astragal-molded flush-panel doors, molding with lunetted corners; lower case with three cockbeaded full-width drawers; bracket feet with incised line following curve of outline
Object Location
private collection
Photo Number
S-8996
File Location
SCC-7-23
History
Descended in the Dawson family of Charleston.
Alterations-Condition
loss of one astragal lunette and losses to cockbeading; brasses original, but moved on drawer faces (originally centered panels) __top fillet of crown molding removed
Joinery
Cornice: cornice and frieze assembled on a separate dovetailed frame;

Doors: unpinned mortised and tenoned frames with no face veneering; solid panels set in rabbets;

Case:
Corner joinery: upper and lower cases dovetailed;
Back joinery: back of upper case paneled, with horizontal boards fitted to a vertical stile in center and two central rails, no surrounding stiles or rails; back of lower case composed of horizontal boards set into a rabbet;
Drawer rails: glued to dustboards and set in plain dadoes, the joint covered by facing strips;
Drawer supports: linen drawers (of which one remains) run on mahogany cleats screwed to case sides; lower case drawers run on drawer rails and dustboards
Dustboards: full-bottom, 7/8 depth;
Base system: full-width and full-depth bed blocking;
Foot block system: vertical blocks (now missing) rested upon horizontal flankers fully shaped to foot responds and glued to bed blocking, mitred at the front corners;

Drawers:
Frame joinery: (linen drawer not recorded) dovetailed; back passes sides;
Bottom-to-frame joinery: drawer bottoms originally fitted to dadoes in front and sides (now altered), nailed at back;
Bottom section/joinery: Drawer bottoms consist of pairs of single beveled boards parallel to front, dadoed to center muntins (muntin-to-frame joinery not recorded);
Runner system: drawer sides and center muntins;
Front edge finish: mitred cockbeading;
Drawer face finish: solid mahogany

(Joinery taken from Rauschenberg & Bivins, p. 564.)

Hardware
rosette and bail brasses (See Condition.)
Details
Refer to Description and Joinery. __ __ __Refer to Description and Joinery.
Examined
Frank L. Horton –Bradford L. Rauschenberg –Ann W. Dibble __Yes __Yes __11/28/1978 __Also examined on 08/29/1995 by Bradford L. Rauschenberg and John Bivins Jr.