Collections › MESDA Collection › Sauceboats

Sauceboats

Artist/Maker:
You, Daniel
Place Made:
Charleston South Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
1737-1750
Medium:
silver
Dimensions:
HOA: 3-1/2″; WOA: 3-3/8″; LOA: 6-3/8″
Accession Number:
3407.1-2
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Pair of silver sauceboats, oval in plan with prominent pouring spouts opposite a bifurcated handles with two C-curves and ancanthus design at top. Each sauceboat has three legs with shell knees and triple-pad feet that are applied to the body. Rims of feature punched beading.

INSCRIPTION: Engraved on face of handle, at top, with the initials “C / D • M” with the “C” centered over the pellet for Daniel Cannon (1726-1802) and his wife Mary Trusler Doughty Cannon (1733-1789).

MARK: Struck on underside of base with an intaglio “D.YOU” mark in a rectangular reserve.

MAKER: Daniel You (b.c.1715-d.1750) is known to have worked in Charleston from approximately 1737 until his death in 1750. He was most likely the son of Jacques (James/John) You (b.c.1690–d.1749) and Marie (Mary) Paitreau You (b.c.1690–d.1753) and older brother of Charleston silversmith Thomas You (b.c.1730-1750). Daniel You was a member of the South Carolina Society and the inventory of his estate lists his tools and patterns. See Gary Albert, “Scratching the Surface: Thomas You, Charleston Silversmith, Engraver, and Patriot,” MESDA Journal, Vol. 33 (2012), online: http://www.mesdajournal.org/2012/scratching-surface-thomas-you-charleston-silversmith-engraver-patriot/ (accessed 5 June 2017) and E. Milby Burton, “South Carolina Silversmiths 1690-1860” (Charleston, SC: Charleston Museum, 1967).

FORM: The sauceboat was introduced to American silver during the early eighteenth century and remained a popular form through the twentieth century. Most eighteenth-century examples follows a standard form of single pouring lip, three feet, and scrolled handle. The curved, scrolled handle with acanthus design, scalloped rim, and applied shell ornament and pad feet are characteristic of silver sauceboats of the third quarter of the eighteenth century. By the 1790s neoclassical taste introduced urn-shaped sauceboats with lids as well as versions with oval or round pedestal bases and D- and S-shaped handles.

History:
These sauceboats bear the engraved initials “CDM” and have a history of descent in the family of Daniel Cannon (1726-1802) and his wife Mary Trusler Doughty Cannon (1723-1789), who were married in 1755. Cannon was a carpenter and master builder in Charleston. The engraved initials on the sauceboats are identical to “CDM” initials found on a sugar bowl made 1755-1775 and marked by Thomas You (b.c.1730–d.c.1785) also in the MESDA collection (Acc. 2506). It seems that the initials on the sauceboats were engraved by Thomas You at the same time he made and engraved the sugar bowl for the Cannons. The sauceboats were made by Daniel You for Mary Trusler Doughty Cannon and her first husband, Thomas Doughty (1698-1755), possibly at the time of their marriage in 1742, and were recorded in Doughty’s 8 August 1755 estate inventory (“…1 pair of Boats…).

The contents the Cannons’ house on Queen Street are documented by other pieces in MESDA’s collection: the silver sugar bowl (Acc. 2506) and a chest of drawers (Acc. 2785). MESDA also documented a portrait of Mary (Trusler) Doughty Cannon by Jeremiah Theus, now in the collection of the Dallas Museum of Art (see MESDA Object Database file S-8195).

Credit Line:
Gift of Frank L. Horton