Collections › MESDA Collection › Fireback

Fireback

Artist/Maker:
Aera Furnace
Place Made:
York County South Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
1778
Medium:
cast iron
Dimensions:
HOA: 24; WOA: 23
Accession Number:
3119
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Cast iron fireback with square arched top and moulding around edges. In arch and into center of front are the inscription.

DESIGN: Like other decorative arts, ironwork responded to the changes in fashion which punctuate the 18th century. During the first quarter, iron decoration was characterized by German medieval scripture scenes and floral motifs. Mid-century, rococo patterns, also found on Philadelphia Chippendale furniture, became popular, and after the Revolution, neoclassical and patriotic motifs, such as the inscription seen here, became popular. Interestingly, the Aera Furnace manufactured arms, and was destroyed by the British later in the Revolutionary War.

Credit Line:
Sprague Foundation Purchase Fund