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Wallpaper

Place Made:
Columbia County Georgia United States of America
Date Made:
1850-1860
Medium:
paint –paper
Dimensions:
HOA: 71 3/8
Accession Number:
2707
Description:
This hand painted scenic wallpaper was originally hung and painted for the home of Joshua Billington Griffin (1823-1872) and Sara Jane (Jones) Griffin (1836-1917) in Columbia County, Georgia. The couple wed on August 23, 1855 and the paper was probably painted shortly thereafter. The paper hung in the Griffin’s dining room and depicts a series of exotic scenes showing the interactions between African natives, figures in Ottoman dress, white shipwreck victims, and red-coated hunters.

Similar in style to the scenic wallpapers manufactured in France by firms like Zuber and Dufour, this paper is significant for having been hand painted in situ. The same artist also worked at the house of Dr. John Perkins Barratt (1795-1859) forty miles away in Abbeville, South Carolina. In a 1905 biography of Dr. Barratt the artist was identified as “Van Patton” whose “services were secured by Dr. Barratt while on a northern trip and when the young artist was putting only a modest stipend on his work.”

History:
Painted for the home of Joshua Billington Griffin (1823-1872) and Sara Jane (Jones) Griffin (1836-1917) in Columbia County, Georgia. In 1929 the paper was purchased by DeWitt Chatham Hanes (1899-1990) of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. In 1974 the Hanes family donated the paper to the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts. It was conserved through a grant from the Richard C. von Hess Foundation.
Credit Line:
Gift of Mrs. Ralph P. Hanes