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Virginia Marylandia et Carolina

Artist/Maker:
Homann, John Baptist __Cartographer
Place Made:
Nuremberg Germany
Date Made:
1709-1719
Medium:
paper –ink
Dimensions:
Frame: HOA: 30″; WOA: 33 1/2″

Map: HOA: 19 7/16″; WOA: 23″

Accession Number:
5443
Description:
This map printed in Nuremburg was meant to encourage German migration to the American colonies. Homann paid particular attention to the depiction of German-speaking settlements. This is the first map to depict Germanna, Alexander Spotswood’s mining community at the headwaters of the Rappahannock River in Virginia.

The roccoco catrouche of this map was also meant to aid in attracting settlers. It depicts a neatly dressed European atop the social hierarchy and surrounded by the wealth of the new world.

RELATED OBJECTS: MESDA owns a fireback cast at Spotswood’s Tubal Furnace in 1725 for Rosewell, Gloucester County, Virginia (MESDA acc. 3956)

SOURCES: Homman likely derived his geography from Visscher’s 1709 “Nova Tabula… Borealiorem Americae”; For North Carolina in particular he likely relied on either Gascoyne’s 1682 or Thornton’s 1685 map.

DESCRIPTION: Hand colored black and white engraving on paper; full title inside scalloped shell in the cartouche: “VIRGINIA/MARYLAND/et/CAROLINA/IN AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALI/Britannorum industria excultae/repraesentatae/a/Ion. Bapt. Homann S.C.M. Geog./Norimberg” ; the cartouche in the bottom right corner also contains images of Native Americans and symbolic elements.

REFERENCES: Cumming, The Southeast in Early Maps, 156
Pritchard and Taliaferro, Degrees of Latitude, 17

History:
Issued first as part of Homann’s 1714 “Atlas Novus Norimbergae”.
Credit Line:
Gift of Michael and Carolyn McNamara