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Tea Service

Artist/Maker:
Ewan, John
Place Made:
Charleston South Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
1823-1830
Medium:
silver
Dimensions:
HOA: 10″ (teapot), 9″ (sugar bowl), 7-3/4″ (cream pitcher); WOA: 13″ (teapot, from handle to spout), 9″ (sugar bowl), 6-1/8″ (cream pitcher, from handle to spout) __ __ __ __ __ __Teapot: HOA: 10″; WOA: 13″ handle to spout
Cream Pitcher: HOA 7 3/4; WOA 6 1/8 handle to spout
Sugar Bowl: HOA 9″ with lid; WOA 9″
Accession Number:
4698.1-3
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Silver tea service consisting of a teapot, sugar bowl, and cream pitcher. All three elements of the service feature cast dolphin-like finials resting atop punched shell designs, lobed bodies, and applied, hollow pedestals above round, molded bases. Three applied bands of foliage and grapes adorn each piece, the first on the lids (teapot and sugar bowl only), another around the bodies above the lobes, and a third around the the round base. The late neoclassical style–exemplified by the lobed bodies, round bases, and applied banding–suggest a date of manufacture sometime in the 1820s before the rise in popularity of rococo revival and gothic revival designs.

The teapot has a hinged lid and an applied handle with bone or ivory insulators and a cast sea serpent head and tail at the top and bottom of the handle where it connects to the body. The applied spout terminates with an open-mouth sea serpent head. The spout has interior strainer. The applied top band of foliage and grapes is approximately 1/2″ wide; the middle band approximately 11/16″ wide; and the bottom band approximately 9/16″ wide.

The sugar bowl has a detachable lid and two applied handles with foliage design and cross-hatch pattern. The handles are connected to body of piece by cylindrical-shaped pieces of silver. The applied top band of foliage and grapes is approximately 1/2″ wide; the middle band approximately 3/4″ wide; and the bottom is approximately 9/16″ wide.

The cream pitcher features a hinged lid and an applied handle. Around the rim and spout is a band of embossed shell designs. The applied handle with foliage design connects at the middle banding on the body and curls upward to connect again at the rim with a cross-hatch pattern that resembles a sea serpent’s tail. The applied band of foliage and grapes on the body is approximately 5/8″ wide and the bottom band is approximately 1/2″ wide.

MARK: All three piece of the service are struck on the underside of the body with an intaglio “J.EWAN” mark in a rectangular reserve with rounded corners.

MAKER: From the amount of his silver still in existence, John Ewan (b.c.1786-1852) must have been one of the most prolific of the silversmiths working during the first half of the nineteenth century in Charleston, South Carolina. Although born in New York, there is a possibility that Ewan arrived in Charleston by way of the West Indies. This latter supposition is based on the fact that some silver with his mark has been found in Jamaica. The first knowledge that we have of Ewan’s presence in Charleston comes from an advertisement that appeared in 1823 stating the Ewan and Peter Mood Jr. (1796-1879) were in business together under the firm name of P. Mood & Co. Doubtlessly he was associated with Mood before they formed this partnership. Two years later Ewan was advertising under his own name at 203 King Street as a gold and silversmith, adding that he had jewelry for “Freemason’s Lodges and Knights Templars… .” In addition to being a silversmith, Ewan seems to have operated a rather extensive jewelry business, for he frequently stated in advertisments that he had just received a fine shipment of jewelry and watches. His shop was destroyed in a 1838 fire, but he seems to have saved much of his stock for he reopened at 38 Queen Street. See E. Milby Burton, “South Carolina Silversmiths 1690-1860” (Charleston, SC: Charleston Museum, 1967).

FORM: For most of the eighteenth century the accouterments of the tea ceremony were acquired separately and did not necessarily match in style and shape. By the 1790s, all elements of a tea service (coffeepot, teapot, sugar bowl, waste bowl, and cream pitcher) were made somewhat uniformly in style, with the smaller pieces following the form of the coffee and teapots.

Credit Line:
Given in honor of Mr. Frank L. Horton by Dr. and Mrs. Benjamin H. Caldwell, Jr.