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Table

Place Made:
Charleston South Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
1710-1725
Medium:
cypress
Dimensions:
HOA: 27 13/16; WOA: 29; DOA: 21
Accession Number:
2457
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Small cypress table: Four elongated vasiform legs joined with stretchers; one drawer; oxidized remnants of original blue paint. Elongated vase turnings are similar to those on the Charleston joint stand (Acc. 2414.2), also of cypress. Top of table is pegged on, while the stand top is held in place by glue blocks, a most unusual joining method for this early period.

CONSTRUCTION: Frame corner joinery: Frame tenoned to leg stiles and double-pinned except for drawer rail, which is single-pinned; no upper drawer rail. Top attachment: Pinned to leg stiles and side rails. Stretchers: Tenoned to leg stiles and single-pinned. Drawer supports: Single board running front to back notched to fit around rear apron and nailed to rear frame. Drawer frame joinery: Dovetailed, sides pass back. Drawer bottom-to-frame joinery: Bottom butted against drawer front and nailed to the bottom edges of the sides and back. Drawer bottom section/joinery: Three butt-joined flat boards parallel to front. Drawer runner system: Drawer bottom. Drawer front edge finish: Plain, flush-fitted.

FORM: This table is attributed to coastal South Carolina based on its wood, which is cypress. It is a typical example of the ubiquitous single-drawer side tables found throughout the coastal South during the first three decades of the eighteenth century. Such tables were used for a variety of functions including toilet and writing, although they could be placed anywhere in a room since they were finished on all four sides. Such objects are listed in early inventories but with little elaboration, such as the “Taylett Table” that William Harvy found it necessary to use as loan collateral in 1713, or the “small chamber Table” valued at £1:10 in the 1726 inventory of Thomas Bee.

Credit Line:
Gift of Frank L. Horton