CONSTRUCTION: The frame and stretchers are assembled to the legs with mortise-and-tenon joints, double-pinned at each joint. The top is fixed to the frame by battens fitted to the top with sliding dovetails and through-pinned to the table frame.
Based on its stretcher-based form and expensive imported material, mahogany, this table was probably used for official governmental functions in the early 18th century. The form would have been especially appropriate for someone who occupied the many high offices held by Thomas Broughton and his immediate family. In the late 17th century, the invention of the folding drop-leaf table had replaced the stretcher-based form for dining purposes. By the mid 1700s, large stretcher tables made of inexpensive woods, such as cypress or pine, were often work tables in kitchens, and with expensive woods such as mahogany or walnut, reserved for important governmental spaces, such as court rooms and council chambrs, or for sacred functions, such as altar tables in churches.