CONSTRUCTION: Frame: Corner joinery: Pinned mortise and tenon (hidden by frame facings); two vertical square blocks at each corner of frame (two missing).
TERM: Tables with marble tops were sometimes simply called “marble tables” in the 18th century. The term “slab table” also appears to refer to a marble slab on a wooden base at least until about 1770. Until this date all-wood tables in this shape were called “sideboards” or “sideboard tables.” The earliest South Carolina mention of a marble top table is in the appraisal of Major William Blakeway’s estate in early 1727.
STYLE: This table is notable for its coved frame in the Chinese taste; its facings conceal the upper leg stiles, a sophisticated urban detail. The claw feet, familiarly known in Charleston as “eagle’s claws” during the colonial period, have well-rounded balls and strongly projecting talons, a typical regional form.
The marble top appears to be original to this frame as the under surface of the marble is unfinished with smoothing where it rests on the frame, and the design of the marble conforms to the design of the apron. There was no native Charleston marble; all marble was imported from abroad or from Philadelphia.