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Side Chair

Place Made:
Baltimore Maryland United States of America
Date Made:
mahogany, yellow pine
HOA: 36 1/2; WOA: 22
Accession Number:
DESCRIPTION: Side chair, molded stiles supporting a foliated carved back crest, the back splat pierced and carved, with slip seat, supported by Marlboro legs and these connected by H-stretchers. Relief work throughout. H-stretcher with one raised in back. One piece shoe and back rail. The design of this chair is clearly adapted from Plate 13 of Thomas Chippendale’s Director.

ATTRIBUTION: This rococo side chair is one of the most elaborate Maryland examples known. It is almost identical in form and carving to a chair illustrated in the Baltimore Museum of Art’s two catalogs, Baltimore Furniture: The Work of Baltimore and Annapolis Cabinetmakers from 1760 to 1810 (1947), p. 179, and Maryland Queen Anne and Chippendale Furniture of the Eighteenth Century (1968), p. 18. The seat rail of that chair is marked with the initials “ID”. As the initials for the Baltimore cabinetmaker James Davidson (working 1785-1806) are somewhat late for the chair, it is likely that the initials represent those of an owner.

CARVING: The carving on the crest rail is similar to another Maryland side chair, possibly from the same shop, with a history of being in Mount Clare, the eighteenth-century home of Charles Carroll, Barrister, located outside of Baltimore. See Baltimore Furniture (1947), p. 172.

Credit Line:
Gift of Frank L. Horton