Collections › MESDA Collection › Side Chair

Side Chair

Place Made:
Frederick County Maryland United States of America
Date Made:
1760-1790
Medium:
walnut, yellow pine
Dimensions:
HOA: 37 1/2; WOA: 20 1/4; DOA: 19 1/4; Seat depth: 16
Accession Number:
3126.1
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Side chair: Yellow pine angled slip seat covered with leather; squared, molded edge back; solid splat has vase shape with small rounded nodules at width of vase, set into shoe; side rails splay to front and have molded top edge, side rails thorugh tenoned into rear legs; straight legs and stretchers are connected with pegs.

STYLE: The design of this chair is similar to one illustrated in a “Chairs in Perspective” illustration in Thomas Chippendale’s Gentleman and Cabinetmaker’s Director, 1754 edition, page IX.

GROUP: This side chair is one of a group of at least twenty examples that can be attributed to an anonymous Maryland chairmaker. The histories associated with these chairs place them in the Frederick area of western Maryland. Chairs of the same basic form were also made in eastern Virginia, but they differ in the shape of the splat and in construction. The Maryland examples are distinguished by having their seat rails through-tenoned and wedged. Although most of the chairs in this group have solid splats and straight crest rails, one set of six side chairs and two armchairs has piercings and shaped crest rails with molded ears.

History:
This chair was discovered in neighboring Howard County, Maryland, but an identical example resides in the collection of the Historical Society of Frederick County.
Credit Line:
MESDA Purchase Fund