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Quilt

Artist/Maker:
Taylor, Mary Elizabeth Clayton Miller
Place Made:
Savannah Georgia United States of America
Date Made:
1803
Medium:
cotton
Dimensions:
HOA: 99; WOA: 94
Accession Number:
3064.1
Description:
MAKER: This chintz applique tree of life quilt was made by Mary Elizabeth Clayton Miller Taylor (1774-1846), who was born in Halifax, North Carolina to Andrew Miller (1734-1784) and Elizabeth Blount (1747-1831). She was born into a world of wealth and privilege, with her mother’s family considered by some to be one of the most influential political families in North Carolina in the 1700’s. Her mother, Elizabeth, was just fifteen years old when she married Scottish immigrant Andrew Miller. A widower with a four-year-old son, the couple lived in Edenton, North Carolina after their marriage in 1763, as Miller continued to build his fortune in shipping. By the time Mary Elizabeth was born they had moved to Halifax, North Carolina and the American Revolution was approaching.

Andrew Miller couldn’t reconcile himself with a break from England and as the American Revolution began chose instead to remove himself and his family to Bermuda in 1776. It was there that Mary Elizabeth spent her early years – from age two until age eight. In 1782 the Millers attempted to return to North Carolina, but were refused. Charleston, South Carolina became their new home and the next two years produced two more children as well as widowhood for Elizabeth. Her desperate situation changed in 1786 when she married her late husband’s business partner, John McNair, and moved to Sumter County, South Carolina. Mr. McNair’s involvement in the manufacture of cotton reclaimed the families status of wealth and affluence.

In Statesburg, South Carolina on May 7, 1799, twenty-five year-old Mary Elizabeth Clayton Miller wed William Taylor (1769-1840), an immigrant from Scotland, like her father. It is through her husband’s business interests that they moved to Savannah. William Taylor was a cotton factor, stockowner in a steamboat company, and president of the St. Andrew’s Society in Savannah – an organization that aided Scottish immigrants to America. The Taylor family was prominent and affluent with close connections to the Low famiy. (William Gordon, the father of Girl Scouts founder Julliette Gordon Low, was one of the executors of William Taylor’s will.) Portraits of William and Mary Elizabeth by John Wesley Jervis hang today in the Andrew Low house in Savannah.

William and Mary Elizabeth had two children that survived to adulthood, Alexander Miller Taylor (1800-1829) and Elizabeth Ann Taylor Goodwin (1802-1882). This quilt was made for her son, and is inscribed “Alexdr M. Taylor July 1803″.

DESCRIPTION: Quilt appliqued with a tree of life design in the middle of the quilt with birds on the tree and at the bottom on either side. At bottom of main tree in cross stitch is a name and date. Outside border 5 1/2″, second border in diamond pattern 7 1/2″, third inside border 2”. Colors are pink, blue and browns.

RELATED OBJECTS: A total of three known quilts survive that were made by Mary Elizabeth Clayton Miller Taylor. Two are in the MESDA Collection. The second example was made for her grandson, Alexander Clark Taylor, and is inscribed “A.C. Taylor from his grandmother 1832”. A third chintz applique quilt is in the collection of the Telfair Museum in Savannah and is for another grandson. It is inscribed “William Taylor from his Grand Mother 1824”.

For an image of the maker see Worsley, Stephen. Joseph-Pierre Picot de Limoelan de Cloriviere: A Portrait Miniaturist Revisited, JESDA Winter 2002, figure 27, page 45.

History:
This quilt, along with Acc. 3064.2, descended in the family before coming into the MESDA Collection in 1979.
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Scholz