Collections › MESDA Collection › Pitcher

Pitcher

Artist/Maker:
Horton & Rikeman __Marked by
Place Made:
Savannah Georgia United States of America
Date Made:
1850-1856
Medium:
silver
Dimensions:
__12″
Accession Number:
5977.1
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Silver pitcher with a curved spout featuring applied lip molding opposite an applied S-scroll handle cast with leaf decoration. The top of the handle rises above the rim where it is attached and the bottom is attached on body at the shoulder of the bulbous body. The one-piece spout and neck is attached to the top of the body. Repousse ornament of flowers, leaves, and berries cover most of the neck and body except for a central cartouche opposite the handle. The cast base features four pierced feet in the form of C-scrolls, shells, and acanthus leaves.

INSCRIPTION: Engraved in a cartouche on side of body opposite handle with “S.C. Perry” in script lettering.

MARK: Struck on underside of body with intaglio “HORTON & RIKEMAN” mark in a rectangular reserve.

MAKER: The partnership of Humphrey P. Horton and Cornelius H. Rikeman operated for only six years, from 1850 until 1856. Both men came to Georgia from the North; Horton from Connecticut and Rikeman from New York City. By 1857 they were advertising independent of one another. See Ashley Callahan and Dale L. Couch, “From Sideboard to Pulpit: Silver in Georgia,” exhibition catalog, November 2005–March 2006, Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, Athens, GA and George Cutten, The Silversmiths of Georgia (Savannah, GA: Pigeonhole Press, 1958).

FORM: Silver pitchers in Colonial America were most often small cream pitchers in the rococo fashion that were used as part of the tea ceremony to serve milk. Large wide-mouthed pitchers in the neoclassical and empire styles became popular after the American Revolution. Such pitchers were used to serve water or wine and provided silversmiths with abundant flat surface area for engraving everything from simple monograms to armorials to lengthy presentations. The term “pitcher” is most commonly used in the United States and can be applied to any container with a spout for pouring liquids. In other English-speaking countries, the term “jug” is use more prevalently. A “ewer” is a vase-shaped, handled pitcher, often decorated, with a base and flaring spout.

Credit Line:
James H. Willcox Jr. Silver Purchase Fund