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Place Made:
Gates County North Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
Accession Number:
According to 1941 photographs and drawings by the Historic American Buildings Survey, the Walton House was a two-story frame dwelling with brick gable ends with glazed headers laid in a decorative diamond pattern. The downstairs contained a center passage and two rooms with fully paneled ends. The house originally stood on the north side of the Chowan River, near Mintonville in present-day Gates County, North Carolina. Based on an inscribed brick, the house was completed in 1755. It contained the date “1755” and the initials, “W/T&Z,” for its original owners, Timothy (1710-1770) and first wife, Zilpha (Speight) Blanchard Walton (1716-1762). The couple married in 1752, three years before the house’s completion. Timothy Walton was born in Virginia but came to Chowan County as a young man with his family. He served as a major in the Chowan County militia and as a vestryman for St. Paul’s Parish. After Zilpha’s death, he wed Mary Benbury. An extensive probate inventory for Timothy Walton survives in early Chowan County records.

The house was documented before its collapse by Thomas Waterman, Henry Chandlee Forman, and Frances Benjamin Johnston. Sometime before 1950 the house’s brick gable ends collapsed, and a portion of the architectural woodwork from the house was salvaged by Pete Smith of Edenton, North Carolina. These fragments were acquired by Frank Horton and reassembled at MESDA before the museum opened in 1965.

Waterman documented and photographed the house for the Historic American Buildings

It was photographed by Frances Benjamin Johnston as part of the Carnegie Survey of the Architecture of the South:

Waterman and Johnston’s photographs only depict the house’s exterior; however, subsequent to its installation at MESDA Willis Stallings located three photographs of the house’s interior before its collapse.

Extreme weathering had removed any visible trace of original paint from the woodwork by the time it arrived at MESDA. This led to the erroneous idea that the yellow pine paneling had never been painted. Careful analysis by Susan Buck, however, found traces of early paint and concluded that the room had originally been painted a gray color. Based on Susan’s findings we painted the woodwork Benjamin Moore HC-169 Coventry Gray. Because of the extreme weathering to the wooden surface, MESDA chose to use Benjamin Moore’s alkyd enamel semi-gloss rather than handmade linseed oil paint.

Credit Line:
Original Installation: Gift of Frank L. Horton; Renovations: Beth and Fred Mercier and Jackie and Tony Montag