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One Dollar South Carolina Currency

Artist/Maker:
Timothy, Peter __Printer
Place Made:
Charleston South Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
1776-1777
Medium:
ink on paper
Accession Number:
5844.2
Description:
On December 23, 1776 South Carolina issued £500,500 in bills of credit denominated in dollars ($308,000). The note was printed using woodblocks and type. The $1 features a vignette of a tree growing on the top of a rocky hill with the Latin motto “I rise up through difficulty.” The reverse is entirely typeset.

PRINTER: Peter Timothy (d. 1782) was born in Holland and emigrated to Philadelphia in 1731 as a young boy. A printer by trade, his rather, Louis Timothy (d.1738) was an early business partner of Benjamin Franklin. In 1733 the family moved to Charleston, South Carolina. In 1738 Louis died. Timothy’s mother Elizabeth continued to manage the family print shop in partnership with Franklin until 1739 when she bought out his interest. She continued to manage the business until Peter reached his majority. Peter Timothy grew the business into a virtual monopoly. He was the official printer to the Commons House of Assembly and the publisher of the South Carolina Gazette.

Credit Line:
Loan courtesy of Colonial Williamsburg