Neck Stock Buckle
INSCRIPTION: Engraved with the script initials “CP” or “CB” in the diamond-shaped cartouche on the face.
MARK: Struck on the reverse with an intaglio “MOOD” mark within a rectangular reserve.
MAKER: Peter Mood Sr. (1766-1821) came from a long line of German silversmiths, including his father, John Peter Muth (1730-1778), who settled in Philadelphia in 1750 and died during the Revolutionary War. Peter Mood Sr. moved to Charleston, South Carolina circa 1785 and set up trade as a silversmith at the bend in King Street. In 1798 he became a member of the German Friendly Society. When his son John Mood (1792-1864) came of age in 1814 he joined his father’s shop and the name of the firm changed to Mood & Son. The business changed names again (to Mood & Sons) when Peter Mood Jr. (1796-1879) joined three years later. Peter Mood Sr. died in 1821at the age of fifty-five. See E. Milby Burton, “South Carolina Silversmiths 1690-1860” (Charleston, SC: Charleston Museum, 1967).
FORM: Gentlemen of the eighteenth century would often use a neck stock buckle to hold a cravat (also known as a neck stock) in place. Neck stock buckles could be an important piece of male jewelry, often made of silver or gold and embellished with gemstones or paste jewels.