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Maryland (and) City of Baltimore

Cone, Joseph __Engraver ||Freeman, W.H. __Engraver ||Lucas, Fielding __Publisher
Place Made:
Baltimore Maryland United States of America
Date Made:
ink on paper
HOA: 14 1/4; WOA: 21 1/4 (sight)
Accession Number:
Though nominally a map of Maryland with an inset of Baltimore, in reality the scale of the inset to the overall geography argue for equal billing. By the time this map was published Baltimore was the chief city of the Chesapeake region. It was also a major port for the inland trade. Goods unloaded at Baltimore’s wharfs traveled across the mountains by road, canal, and railroad. This particular map was engraved by Joseph Cone & W.H. Freeman in 1819.

PUBLISHER: Fielding Lucas, Jr. (1781-1854) was the earliest successful commercial map publisher in Baltimore.

ENGRAVERS: “Cone was a clever engraver in both stipple and in line, and he was chiefly engaged upon portrait work. He is said to have been a brother of the Rev. Spencer H. Cone, who came from New Jersey to Philadelphia, in 1802, to accept a position as a teacher in Dr. Abercrombie’s Academy. Joseph Cone possibly came with him to study engraving. In any event, Joseph Cone was engraving over his own name in Philadelphia in 1814-1819, inclusive. In the period 1820-24 he was engraving prints and publishing them in Baltimore. He also worked for Boston publishers, and in 1829-30 his name reappears in the Philadelphia directories as an [engraver]. (Stauffer, Fielding & Gage, p.53)

“W.H. Freeman was an excellent letter and script engraver, working in Baltimore, Md., about 1830. He may have been the [Freeman] who was engraving in line in New York in 1816.”
(Stauffer, Fielding & Gage, p.91)

The MESDA Craftsmen Database records the partnership between Cone & Freeman dissolved in 1819. “Heretofore existing between the subscribers, under the firm of Cone and Freeman, was dissolved by mutual consent on the 23rd inst.–Those having claims will present them for settlement–and those indebted will make payment to W.H. Freeman, who is duly authorized to settle the affairs of the late firm.” (American & Commercial Daily Advertiser).

Credit Line:
Gift of Frank L. Horton