Collections › MESDA Collection › Mary (Booker) Henderson

Mary (Booker) Henderson

Artist/Maker:
Lovett, William ||Trott, Benjamin
Place Made:
Nottoway County Virginia United States of America
Date Made:
1793
Medium:
oil on canvas –yellow pine
Dimensions:
HOA 23-1/8″; WOA 19-1/16″
Accession Number:
5089.2
Description:
SITTER: Mary Marshall Parham Booker (d. 1829) was the daughter of Capt. Edward Booker (d. 1760) and his wife Ann Cobbs of “Winterham” plantation in Amelia County. Her grandfathers, Col. Edward Booker (1680-1750) and Col. Samuel Cobbs (d. 1757) were among the early burgesses for Amelia County. In 1767 she married the Scottish-born merchant, James Henderson (1738-1817), and lived at “Hendersonville” plantation.

These portraits are part of a significant group painted by Trott and Lovett in the Amelia-Nottoway County area of Virginia in the spring of 1793. The group includes members of the Cocke, Fitzgerald, Irby and Meade families. Several of them are signed and dated April and May 1793.

ARTIST: Benjamin Trott (1770-1843) was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Though nothing is known of his training, his earliest works date to about 1791. In 1793 he accompanied fellow Boston artist William Lovett (1773-1801) on a trip south. In April and May 1793 the pair collaborated on a series of portraits of prominent Nottoway County, Virginia, families. Trott is best known as a portrait miniaturist. This makes the surviving Nottoway County, Virginia, commissions somewhat unique in his oeuvre. Other surviving paintings from this brief Virginia period include ten portraits of the Cocke family in the collection of the Virginia Historical Society (VHS 1994.76.1-10)

Following his southern trip Trott established himself in New York. He befriended Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828), recently arrived from Dublin, and copied many of Stuart’s commissions in miniature. When Stuart left for Philadelphia in 1794 Trott followed. Though Trott traveled extensively in search of commissions. At various times Trott worked in New York City, Albany, Kentucky, Norfolk, Charleston, Baltimore, and Washington. None the less, Philadelphia remained the center of his activity for almost thirty years; at one point Trott lived with Thomas Sully (1783-1872) and his family.

In Philadelphia Trott exhibited annually from 1811 to 1814 with the Society of Artists and also assisted in teaching the Society’s drawings classes. In 1812 a critic commended Trott’s miniatures as exhibiting “all the force and effort of the best oil painting…”

ARTIST: William Lovett (1773-1801) was born in Boston, Massachusetts. As a young man he befriended fellow Boston artist Benjamin Trott (1770-1843). The pair journeyed south in 1793 and in May and June of that year collaborated with Trott on painted a series of surviving portraits in Nottoway County, Virginia. Lovett, like Trott, is best known as a portrait miniaturist. This makes the surviving Nottoway County, Virginia, commissions somewhat unique in his oeuvre. Other surviving paintings from this brief Virginia period include ten portraits of the Cocke family in the collection of the Virginia Historical Society (VHS 1994.76.1-10) Lovett’s premature death at age 28 cut short a promising artistic career.

RELATED WORKS: The MESDA collection is home to a pair of Nottoway County, Virginia, portraits by Trott and Lovett: James Henderson and Mary (Booker) Henderson (MESDA acc. 5089.1-2).

Credit Line:
MESDA Purchase Fund