STYLE: A very unusual feature of this rifle, and one shared by other examples from the same region, is the two-piece bone buttplate, along with the bone toeplate on the lower edge of the buttstock. Although considered by some to be a “folk” motif, the use of such bone mounts actually follows a European tradition that had existed for over two centuries. The use of bone, because of the labor required, actually would have been more expensive than a normal brass casting. The brass patchbox is an attenuated version of the classic “daisy” design which originated in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
MAKER: Born in Ireland, Patrick Hoy (1787-1866) came to America in 1804, at the age of 17, and settled in Spartanburg County, South Carolina. Working as a gunsmith, his rifles are distinguished by the prominent use of bone inlay, as seen on this particular example. Hoy is buried in the Nazareth Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Spartanburg County.