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Jug

Artist/Maker:
Fox, Nicholas
Place Made:
Chatham County North Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
1830-1850
Medium:
stoneware –salt-glazed
Dimensions:
HOA: 11″
Accession Number:
5813.69
Description:
This graceful ovoid jug is an excellent example of pottery made by Nicholas Fox in Chatham County, North Carolina. Made of stoneware clay and heavily salt glazed, the piece has a straight neck and a rolled rim. The interior does not have an applied glaze. Nicholas Fox’s work is characterized by decorative incised bands, as seen on this jug, as well as a thumb or finger imprint made at the terminal of the handle. The handle is pulled, extending from the neck of the jug and ending between two sets of incised bands. This jug is stamped with both the potter’s name “N. FOX” and Masonic symbols.

Salt glazing was a technique used by stoneware potters to create a glassy surface. When the pottery kiln reached over 2000 degrees Fahrenheit, salt was introduced into the kiln, creating a vapor. This vapor adhered to the silica in the clay, forming a glassy appearance on the pottery. Because of the the high temperature at which the pottery was fired, the clay often became non-porous, or vitrified. This, combined with the salt glazing, meant that potters did not have to apply a glaze to the interior of the vessel. It could hold liquids and not seep, unlike earthenware storage vessels.

MAKER: Nicholas Fox (1797-1858) and his family migrated from Bucks County, Pennsylvania, to Chatham County, North Carolina, in the late 18th century. Fox and other family members became established potters in the area and trained other potters, most notably Nathaniel H. Dixon and John and Henry Vestal. Through his sister’s marriage to the potter Anderson Craven of Randolph County, Fox was also closely connected to the Cravens, another of Piedmont North Carolina’s most prominent potting families.

Zug, Charles G. Turners and Burners: The Folk Potters of North Carolina. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1986.

Credit Line:
The William C. and Susan S. Mariner Collection