MAKER: The Phoenix Factory was built on the site of the former Shaw’s Creek pottery factory in Aiken County, South Carolina, just south of Edgefield. The factory had a number of potters working closely together, including Thomas Chandler, Milton Rhodes, John Isaac Durham, William Durham, Robert Mathis, and Amos Landrum Scholar Cinda Baldwin noted that the Phoenix Factory relied on the railroad, advertising that their wares were sold via the rail line from Aiken to Charleston. Many scholars note that the Phoenix Factory was where slip decoration to a large degree began to be employed, and some of the more illustriously decorated pieces from the Edgefield area are often associated with this site. The Phoenix Factory, however, was short lived, closing in 1842.
Wingard, Philip. “From Baltimore to the South Carolina Backcountry: Thomas Chandler’s Influence on 19th-Century Stoneware,” Ceramics in America, 2013.