This wheel-thrown stoneware jar is characteristic of pottery produced in factories operated largely with slave labor in the Edgefield area of South Carolina. Incised with a capacity mark of “3,” the jar holds around three gallons. On opposite sides of the shoulder are lug handles. The shape of the handles, overall form, and tucked-in neck of the jar are characteristic elements of jars made in the Edgefield region. The jar is glazed with a mottled brown alkaline glaze. Alkaline glaze is a mix of clay and ash or lime that acted as a flux.
Baldwin, Cinda K. “Great and Noble Jar: Traditional Stoneware of South Carolina.” Athens, GA: UGA Press, 1993.
Calfas, George.” Nineteenth Century Stoneware Manufacturing at Pottersville, South Carolina.” Ph.D. Diss., Department of Anthropology, Univ. of Illinois, 2013.
Wingard, Philip. “From Baltimore to the South Carolina Backcountry: Thomas Chandler’s Influence on 19th-Century Stoneware.” CERAMICS IN AMERICA, 2013, 38-76.