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Principio Furnace
Place Made:
Cecil County Maryland United States of America
Date Made:
cast iron
HOA: 25 5/8; WOA: 21 3/4
Accession Number:
DESCRIPTION: Cast iron fireback with an astragal head, quarter-round backband, and a fielded panel with S-scrolls, and the date.

DESIGN: The simple arched head and quarter-round backband moldings of this cast iron fireback are common to simpler patterns of American “chimneybacks,” as they were often called. A notable feature, however, is the pair of S-scrolls flanking the date of this example. Similar scrolls have been noted on other eastern Maryland firebacks; one of them, in the collection of the Maryland Historical Society, is said to have been excavated near the site of Principio Furnace in Cecil County, in blast from 1720 to 1853.

Credit Line:
Thomas A. Gray Purchase Fund