DESIGN: The name Fitzhugh as applied to this design, recognized by the butterfly motif on the rim, has been established as the name of a merchant family in England who traded in Canton, starting in 1703 and extending through the 18th century. The Indian on the crest is supposed to be an American Indian. The original crest was designed and engraved by an Englishman in Australia, however, and the figure is really that of an Australian bushman. From another branch of the Manigault family, the round covered bowl and saucer and the cup and saucer bear the Indian crest but over a strap with motto and enclosing the initials GHM, for Gabriel Henry Manigault (1788-1834), brother of Charles. It is thought to have been ordered after the Charles Manigault set had arrived in Charleston. Note the rather Chinese look to the Indian’s face.
PROVENANCE: These pieces, made to order for the Manigault family and shipped directly into America through the trade developed by American merchants after the Revolutionary War. Manigault family correspondence reveals that Charles Izard Manigault (1785-1784) of Charleston was in China from 15 December 1817 to 19 December 1821. He is thought to have ordered the porcelain at that time.