This jar is comparable to several extant jars with similar handles, lids, form and decoration made in Wythe County,Virginia. It is decorated with incised lines and sine waves on the both the shoulder and above the base of the jar. The copper green and white slip decoration seen on this particular jar – with lines and sine waves on the lid, and interlocking s-surves in one of the two central medallions – appears to be inspired by the same motifs that appear on much of the Moravian and Albright/Loy pottery made in North Carolina.
MAKER: Johann Christian Buck (1769-1846) was born in Pennsylvania, but moved to North Carolina as a child with his family around 1780. Growing up on the Brushy Fork of Abbot’s Creek in present-day Davidson County, he would have been exposed to the Germanic potting traditions established by the nearby Moravians at Wachovia and the Albright/Loy family in Alamance County. In 1796, he moved to Wythe County, Virginia, married Christina Steffey, and established a family of potters that worked throughout the 19th century. Buck’s 1815 tax record noted that he owned a 366-acre farm on the south fork of Reedy Creek in Wythe County with three cabins, a small barn, and a potter’s kiln. Two of his sons, Abraham Buck (1798-1863) and John Christian Buck (1801-1879); his son-in-law Eli Cain (1815-1880); and three of his grandsons, Peter Buck (1826-1880), Felix Buck (1827-1889), and Ephraim Buck (1833-1909), were all identified as potters in US census records.
Moore, J. Roderick. “Earthenware potters along the Great Road in Virginia and Tennessee.” The Magazine Antiques, September 1983.
White, Betsy K. “Great Road Style.” Charlottesville: UVA Press, 2006.