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Chair

Place Made:
Winchester Virginia United States of America
Date Made:
1769
Medium:
walnut, white pine
Dimensions:
HOA: 40 WOA: 28 3/8
Accession Number:
2428.3
Description:
DESCRIPTION: Arm chair: Yoke back carved with center shell supported by pierced back splat; arms splay outward and are carved with vigorous knuckles and supported by C-shaped supports carved on their face with open-pod design; seat frame and legs are molded on edge, molding curved at front corners; Front apron has shell at center; ears curve backwards with knuckles; H-stretcher.

STYLE: Aside from distinctly regional features, Winchester furniture often has details associated with the Delaware River Valley. For example, the chair has arm supports that are related to examples from Philadelphia during the late Baroque period. The through tenons on the seat rails and the wedging are like Philadelphia pieces, too. As seen in the unusually deep moldings of the arm supports and the exaggerated volutes of the arms, these Delaware Valley details were often adapted to local tastes. The outward sweep of the rear legs is also distinctive because Winchester chairs generally have the rear legs abruptly turn in and out.

During the last half of the eighteenth century Winchester was the most important style center in the Valley of Virginia. As a result of the widespread distribution of local products and migration of the journeyman cabinetmakers, Winchester had an influence throughout the valley, parts of West Virginia, and eastern Tennessee.

Credit Line:
Gift of Frank L. Horton