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Boys of the Powell Family

Artist/Maker:
Shaver, Samuel Moore
Place Made:
Knoxville Tennessee United States of America
Date Made:
1862-1863
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
HOA: 67″; DOA: 2 1/8″; LOA: 67″
Accession Number:
5658
Description:
SITTERS: A very large portrait of brothers John (b.1849), Kyle (b.1852), Walter (b.1853), and Thomas (b.1857) Powell of Knoxville, Tennessee. They were the sons of Thomas Jefferson Powell (b.1825) and Margaret L. (Drake) Powell. Thomas J. Powell was a prominent Knoxville businessman. He operated a major dry-goods business on Gay Street, near the studio of artist Samuel M. Shaver. He was also a director of the Bank of Tennessee and the mayor of Knoxville between August 1857 and January 1858. During the Civil War he was a major supplier to the Confederate forces in East Tennessee.

In 1862 the Powell family moved into “Lucknow”, an imposing Italianate home built by John J. Craig (1820-1892) of Florence, Alabama. The house, as well as the early buildings of Blount College—the future University of Tennessee—are visible just below the end of the fishing pole.
Shaver chose to place the young men on a bluff overlooking Second Creek, a gritty part of town dominated by the tanning industry. Tanning hides was a quintessential “backcountry” industry and represented the old economy of Knoxville. The new economy of knowledge and banking is represented by the University of Tennessee on the hill. Shaver strongly emphasizes the backwardness of the old economy and the bright future offered by the new economy through his use of color in the background of the image. This portrait suggests that the Powells are strong supporters of this new economy.

ARTIST: Portraitist Samuel M. Shaver (1816-1878) was born in Sullivan County in East Tennessee. He was the son of David Shaver (1776-1857) and Catherine (Barringer) Shaver. David and Catherine were married in Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1795. By 1801 the family owned land on Reedy Creek in Sullivan County, Tennessee, near the Virginia line.

Samuel Shaver may have been influenced by William Harrison Scarborough (1812-1871). Though Scarborough was born in West Tennessee, he painted in the Rogersville area between 1834-1835. During that period Scarborough painted portraits of some of Shaver’s relatives. Shaver’s earliest known painting dates to 1845.

In 1845 Shaver married Mary Hannah Elizabeth Powell (1825-1856), daughter of the late Congressman Samuel Powell. The Powells settled in Rogersville and had four children, one son and three daughters. In 1851 he was teaching in the Odd Fellows Female Institute and was listed in its catalog as “Professor Samuel M. Shaver; Drawing—Linear and Perspective; Painting of Miniatures and Painting in Water and Oil Colors.” Shaver also advertised n Greeneville and Knoxville newspapers. During this time he was regularly absent from Rogersville on commissions in East Tennessee and southwestern Virginia. A number of portraits of from this period survive.

Hannah’s death in 1856 brought Shaver back to Rogersville. He would remain there until 1859 when he moved to Knoxville and established a studio on Gay Street. In Knoxville Shaver cemented his reputation as the portraitist of choice for East Tennessee’s elite.

In Knoxville Shaver was among the founders of the East Tennessee Art Association. During the Civil War The Association commissioned Shaver to paint portraits of fifteen Confederate political and military leaders. When Knoxville fell to Union forces in 1863 Shaver left for Russellville. After the Civil War he joined his mother-in-law and the rest of his family in Jerseyville, Illinois, near St. Louis, where he continued to paint portraits.

REFERENCES: James C. Kelly, “Samuel M. Shaver” in the Tennessee Encyclopedia (Tennessee Historical Society, 2018) https://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/entries/samuel-m-shaver/

April Strader Bullin, “The Powell Boys: Poignant and Political Messages of Samuel M. Shaver” in The Journal of Backcountry Studies, vol. 8, no. 1 (2013) http://libjournal.uncg.edu/jbc/article/view/730/416

DESCRIPTION: Painting has for young boys standing in a group on the bank of a river. The boy on the left is in a sitting position with a white collared shirt and dark gray pants, red socks and black shoes. He is holding a stringer of three fish that rest in the water. Second boy from the left, light brown suit with white collard shirt. He is standing with one leg on a rock, he rolls up his pant leg and stands barefoot. Third boy, white collard shirt and pants, with blue jacket and black shoes. He has his hand resting on fourth boys shoulder while he kneels on one knee. Fourth boy has dark brown suit with white collared shirt and black bow tie and shoes. He holds the fishing rod in one hand and rest it across his knee and in his other hand he holds a freshly caught fish, that a white and brown dog sniffs. In the background is trunks of trees that gradually change to greenery and then sky from left to right. In the distance on the right is a factory or mill with a bridge over a river.

Credit Line:
Partial Gift of Mary Jo Case