CONSTRUCTION: The headboard is set between two pairs of mahogany strips attached to the headposts. This construction renders the headboard “removable,” but no evidence supports the popular notion that such headboards actually were removed in hot weather. The same construction has been observed on bedsteads made in New York City.
DESIGN: The feet of the headposts are a balustrade form evidently taken from Plate 32 of the second edition of Chippendale’s Director. (RAES)
FORM: The first mention of a bedstead in Charleston was on 24 September 1693 in the estate inventory of Mr. Francis Jones where “1 old bedstead” was listed. Pre-1750 Charleston-made bedsteads are unknown. Surviving Charleston bedsteads are of the high-post variety, as in this example. Occasionally more elaborate models with handle shutters and doors are listed. In Charleston inventories, low-post bedsteads are only occasionally mentioned. Items included with bedsteads in early records are “sacking” and iron rods. The latter item was used to support bedhangings.
Cabinetmaker Thomas Elfe recorded in his account book in May of 1773, that he had made for Humphrey Sommers “a double chest of drawers with a frett round,” (80 pounds) “a Mahogany bedstead flutted post & Brass Caps With a carved Cornish,” (65 pounds) “a Sett of Brass Casters,” (2 pounds) and “a Lady’s dressing drawers for daughter,” (45 pounds).
WOODS: Bedsteads in Charleston, as revealed in inventories, were of tulip poplar, red bay, sassafras, mulberry, and other locally-obtained woods in addition to mahogany. Thomas Elfe’s account book is interesting in that it mentions not only 62 mahogany bedsteads, but also an equal number of tulip poplar bedsteads. However, only the mahogany ones survive.