Collections › MESDA Collection › Armchair

Armchair

Artist/Maker:
Shaw, John
Place Made:
Annapolis Maryland United States of America
Date Made:
1797
Medium:
mahogany –tulip poplar
Dimensions:
__37 1/2″ __ __23 1/4″ __18 3/4″
Accession Number:
5937
Description:
In late 1796 the Maryland State Senate commissioned Annapolis cabinetmaker John Shaw (1745-1829) to make 24 armchairs and 11 desks for their chamber in the State House. The furniture remained in use in the Senate Chamber until the late 1830s or early 1840s.

MAKER: John Shaw was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1745 and was working in Annapolis by 1768. The first recorded reference to Shaw as a cabinetmaker appears in the records of a 1770 court case. By 1772 he was in partnership with Archibald Chisholm (d.1810). According to advertisements, the Shaw and Chisholm firm not only sold furniture made by the two cabinetmakers, but also sold imported goods. In 1773, Joshua Collins, a musical instrument maker, advertised that he was working at their shop. They advertised later that year as cabinetmakers and chairmakers. The Shaw-Chisholm partnership dissolved in November 1776. During the Revolution Shaw was appointed the Armorer of the State of Maryland.

In 1777, Shaw married Elizabeth Wellstead Pratt. The couple had five sons and two daughters. Their youngest son, George, was also a cabinetmaker (but died just a few months after John Shaw). After the death of his first wife in 1793, Shaw married Margaret Steuart in 1798 and had one additional daughter.

Much of Shaw’s work was commissioned by the Maryland government including furniture for the State House, the Chancery Office, the Land Office, and the Orphans’ Court. There are numerous pieces of furniture bearing the label of John Shaw. These examples tell the story of a versatile craftsman who developed a style all his own from his earliest Marlboro legged tables to a neoclassical taste tempered with shades of rococo. He died in Annapolis 1829.

REFERENCES: William Voss Elder, “John Shaw: Cabinetmaker of Annapolis” (Baltimore, Maryland: The Baltimore Museum of Art, 1983)

Alexander Lourie, “‘To Superintend the Necessary Repairs’: The Careers and Work of William and Washington Tuck” in American Furniture, 2006.

DESCRIPTION: Arm chair with arched crest rail and pierced “gothic” or “tulip” splat; upholstered seat with nail head trim; four legs are chamfered on the inner corners; box stretchers; chair back is formed of two pieces: the splat and the shoe in which the splat rests.

History:
One of 24 armchairs commissioned by the Maryland Senate for their chamber in 1796 and delivered in 1797.
Credit Line:
Gift in memory of Dain Anderson Williams