CONSTRUCTION: Crest/back stiles/stay rail joinery: unpinned mortise and tenon at crest and stay rail. Back frame/rear leg joinery: mahogany back legs scarf-joined to back stiles, held in place with glue and nails from back, screws from inside stiles. Arm/arm support/frame joinery: arms screwed to back stiles from the rear; arm supports rabbeted to receive arms, which are nailed in place from above; arm support fitted to side rails with unpinned mortise and tenon joint to rear of leg stiles. Frame, frame/front, and rear leg joinery: unpinned mortise and tenon joints; anti-racking braces originally set into angled open mortises at each corner. No glue blocks. Stretcher joinery: Unpinned mortise and tenon at sides and rear, center stretcher joined to side stretchers with half dovetail from below.
FORM: This type of chair is identified in Thomas Chippendale’s Gentleman & Cabinetmaker’s Director as a “French Chair.” Just five French chairs attributable to Charleston are known.
WOODS: primary wood mahogany; poplar and ash seat frame; cypress and yellow pine back.