PAINT: The piece was originally painted red. Around 1810-1830 it was painted black, and yellow penciling was added. In the twentieth century, modern black enamel paint was added to the chair.
SEAT: The replaced single-woven seat fits well with the interruption of the seat rails with spindles. It is of European tradition and is based on another arm chair in the MESDA Collection (Acc. 1132)
STYLE: The chair was designed with a combination of traditional post-and-round base to support the back and arms of the sack-back Windsor tradition. It was probably made by a turner trained in making post-and-round chairs. Perhaps he encountered traditional Philadelphia windsor chairs then being imported in quantities into the South. The earliest Philadelphia sack-back chairs date from 1760, while the tradition in England dates from the 1750s.