Collections › MESDA Collection › A New Description of Carolina by Order of the Lords Proprietors

A New Description of Carolina by Order of the Lords Proprietors

Artist/Maker:
Moxon, James __Engraver ||Ogilby, John __Publisher
Place Made:
London Great Britain
Date Made:
1672-1673
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
HOA: 16 1/2; WOA: 21
Accession Number:
1117.1
Description:
Map of Carolina, with inset draught of Cooper and Ashley rivers, and with cartouches of Native Americans in upper right and lower left corners, tinted with what appear to be the original colors. This is the first printed map to show a boundary between Virginia and Carolina. It is commonly referred to as the Ogilby-Moxon map, or the First Lords Proprietors map.

When Ogilby first published his “America” volume in 1671, he did not have a map of Carolina. Early issues of “America” contain the Montanus map of the region. Ogilby spoke to Peter Colleton, one of the Lords Proprietors, who wrote the following to John Locke. “Mr. Ogilby who is printing a relation of the West Indies hath been often with mee to gett a map of Carolina wherefore I humbly desire you to gett of my lord [Ashley] those mapps of Cape feare & Albemarle that he hath & I will draw them into one…”

Since the Ogilby-Moxon map contains interior detail derived from John Lederer’s 1672 published map, it is likely that the Ogilby-Moxon map was published in 1673, or perhaps late 1672. The map is found in late issues of Ogilby’s “America”, and is also found in some issues of Samuel Wilson’s 1682 promotional tract, “An Account of the Province of Carolina”. The most famous derivative of this map is the so-called Speed map of Carolina published in 1676.

Reference: Burden, The Mapping of North America II, Plate 435.

History:
This map was originally published in 1671 in Ogilby’s America.
Credit Line:
MESDA Purchase Fund